Term: Darwin Core Class:  
 vernacular   (0%)
Created 2 October 2013
Last modified 2 October 2013
Contributed by Jennie Rose Halperin


Definition: The Darwin Core is body of standards. It includes a glossary of terms (in other contexts these might be called properties, elements, fields, columns, attributes, or concepts) intended to facilitate the sharing of information about biological diversity by providing reference definitions, examples, and commentaries. The Darwin Core is primarily based on taxa, their occurrence in nature as documented by observations, specimens, samples, and related information. Included are documents describing how these terms are managed, how the set of terms can be extended for new purposes, and how the terms can be used. The normative document for the terms [RDF-NORMATIVE] is written in the Resource Description Framework (RDF) and is the definitive resource to understand the term definitions and their relationships to each other. The Simple Darwin Core [SIMPLEDWC] is a specification for one particular way to use the terms - to share data about taxa and their occurrences in a simply structured way - and is probably what is meant if someone suggests to "format your data according to the Darwin Core". (see: http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/)

Darwin Core is a vocabulary of terms defining concepts intended to facilitate the sharing of information about biological diversity. Submitted 14 April 2016
by Stephen
From http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/: The vocabulary is defined in a normative RDF document. Other standards documents specify the policy governing the maintenance of these terms, the decisions that resulted in changes to terms [DECISIONS], the complete history of terms including detailed attributes, a Generic Darwin Core XML schema from which other schemas can be constructed, a Simple Darwin Core XML schema as a complete schema ready for use, a schema to allow Darwin Core data transfer in text files, and associated reference schemas for the construction of more structured content. Documentation includes mappings between the current standard and pre-standard historical versions, including mappings to concepts in the Access to Biological Collections Data (ABCD) standard. Submitted 14 April 2016
by Stephen